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Warmblood Breed

Information

 

The information about the Warmblood breeds, provided on this page, has been derived from the Wikipedia website.

We take no responsibility for the accuracy of this information, we are simply providing it as a service to our visitors.

Warmblood

Warmblood refers to a group of competition horse breeds and the term distinguishes this type of horse from the "hot (draft horses) and the "hot bloods" (Thoroughbreds and Arabians). Sport horse refers to the intended use of the breed -- as a competitive and recreational horse for the major international equestrian disciplines of dressage, show jumping, eventing and combined driving.

Most warmblood breeds are continuing to evolve. In fact, they are not "breeds" in the sense that Thoroughbreds, Arabians, Morgans and Saddlebreds are breeds. Except for the Trakehner, they do not have closed studbooks. Other breeds are often introduced to the genetic pool to enhance desired characteristics.

The warmbloods are named for the countries and regions from which they are bred and where the studbooks are managed. The original warmbloods were bred to be an all purpose agricultural horses. As the internal combustion engine replaced the horse , European breeders began to refinie their horses to produce a large, correct horse with excellent movement and temperament. The results are apparent in the leading warmbloods which include the Irish Sports Horse, Hanoverian, Holsteiner, Trakehner, Oldenburger, Selle Français, the Dutch, Danish, and Swedish breeds. The major difference in the breeding of warmbloods, is the documentation and testing.

Czech warmblood

The Czech warmblood is suitedable for all the horse sport usable for lighter farmand forrest work.

Breed Characteristics

Czech warmblood is a robust strong horse bred with a good bone structure. The wither is understated and its back is long and broad.. They have good quality hooves that are sometimes flat. A mane and tail are very thick.

Czech war bloods are relatively long-lived and are a unpretentious and relentless. This horse is adaptable, willing and trainable with a good temperament. They are usually black, sorrel, bay or dark bay.

The most successful breeding line is Bystrý. It's founder was stallion 469 and was born in 1919.

History

Czech warmblood (Český plnokrevník in Czech) is a kind of horse tha is bred in the Czech Republic and is known from the Austria-Hungary time. In the nineteenth century there came to lighter influence Italian and spanish horses. More recently they were interbred with halfblood horses such as Furioso, Gidran, Nonius, Przedswit.

Holsteiner

Holsteiners originate in the Schleswig-Holstein region of northern Germany. It's ancestors trace back to the thirteenth century. While there are relatively few Holsteins - Holstein blood has been bred into many other warmblood beeds, such as Dutch, Danish, and British Warmbloods and they excel in the sport horse disciplines - especially dressage and showjumping.

Breed Characteristics

Holsteiners are usually bay, dark bay, or black and stand at 16-17 hands. Their powerful hindquarters make them great jumpers and their strong bone excellent movement make them well suited for dressage. They have They have a broad backs, strong limbs, a crested long neck and good feet.

History

the Germans have been breeding horses since 1225 in the Schleswig-Holstein marshlands . They were famous for war horses in the middle ages, and then for coach horses in the 18th century, after refining the breed with horses of Spanish, Neapolitan, and Barbary blood. In the 19th century, demand for faster cavalry and coach horses encouraged breeders to lighten the breed. The most influential stallion for this were three Yorkshire Coach Horses which traced back to the Thoroughbred stallion Eclipse.

In th 60's, the Holstein was refined again by breeding with thoroughbreds that were imported from Ireland and Britain making the beed more athletic. The most influential stallions used were Cottage Son, Ladykiller, and Marlon. Ramzes, a Polish Anglo-Arabian, and Cor de la Bruyere, a Selle Francais, were also very influential. The result has been very successful with the production of a group of stallions that is very important to modern sport horse breeding programs. Landgraf (by Ladykiller), and Ramiro (grandson of Ramzes).

 

Oldenburg

A stallion, to be approved for breeding, must be certified by a the Oldenburg breed society. Several hundred horses will be inspected at the age of 2 1/2 but only the best 70-80 horses move on to a 3-day test, being judged on their conformation, type and temperament. On the last day the best of this group are chosen to be graded - the most excellent of which become a "Premium Stallion."

The graded horses are then taken to a 100-day testing, which judges the stallions on performance. This includes temperament, rideability, jumping ability, endurance, speed, and movement. Poor performance will prevent the horse from being approved for the final breeding stock status.

Mares are also inspected for breeding approval. they are then placed in one of four Mare Books. Inspection is done in-hand on the triangle at trot first and then at a walk. A combined score and pedigree decide into which book the mare will enter.

Breed Characteristics

Oldenburgs are saught for their athletic ability, temperament and strength. Bred specifically for use as sporthorses, they excel in show jumping and dressage. Oldenburgs have the characteristics that are found in most of the world's modern sport horses: a long neck, sloping shoulders, and a powerful hindquarters. Although Oldenburgs come in a variety of colors - bay, black, and brown are most common. Most stand 16.1-17.2 hands tall. They are not known for all out speed speed and have a high knee-action that carries over from their days as carriage-horse days.

History

The first Oldenburgs were bred in Lower Saxony, Germany. Count Johann von Oldenburg founded the breed in the late 16th century by breeding Friesian mares with Turkish, Danish, Neopolitan, and Andalusian stallions producing large war horses. Count Anton, his son, travelled thoughout Europe, bringing home the finest Spanish and Italian stallions for speed and strength. He then allowed his 'tenant' farmers to breed to his stallions, establishing a tradition of small scale private studs that are still common with the regions breeders.

The 17th century saw the Oldenburg become a well-known as coach horses, admired for their size, strength and elegance. They were also used as a riding horses. By the 18th century Thoroughbred lines were added, refining the breed. In the year 1820 a law was passed making it illegal to use anything but government-approved stallions for breeding and in 1861 the Oldenburg stud book was established. In 1897.

As machinery replaced horses in the earlier part of the 20th century stud began breeding for an all-around riding horse. In the 50s the Thoroughbred stallion Lupus and the Anglo-Norman Condor founded a new Oldenburg line producing heavy, elegant mares. From this time on, only the finest of European horses have contributed to the breeding program. Thoroughbreds first refined the Oldenburg and then Trakehners, Anglo-Normans, Anglo-Arabians, Selle Francais, Hanoverians and Westphalians. The result is a sport horse that is well refined and well suited for the modern horse sports of dressage and showjumping.

 

 

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